Southern Province of Myanmar


Mawlamyaing (Moulmein)

Mawlamyine is the capital of Mon State. It is 270km from Yangon. It has a population of about 240,000. It is an ancient Mon town which can be reached by road, rail, plane or boat from Yangon. If one chooses to go by road, one has to cross two rivers; the Sittaung River and the Than Lwin River. Mawlamyine Bridge which crosses the Than Lwin River is longest bridge in Myanmar. There are many seasonal fruits in Mon State which one can enjoy such as; Mangostein, Durian, Pineapple and Pomelo, the sweet and juicy ones that only the Mon State can produce. Now the city is being transformed into a modern city with many new public and private buildings sprouting up. Only the old pagodas on the Mawlamyine Ridge remind us of her ancient origins.


Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda is a famous and sacred pagoda in Mon State. It is about 160km east of Yangon. Across the Gulf of Mottama – in the fertile area between Sittaung and Thanlwin rivers – lies the town of Thanton. And about halfway between Thanton and Bago, lies the town of Kyaikto which is approximately 10 miles from Kyaikhtiyo.

The Kyeikhtiyo Pagoda is a small sputa on 55 meter high, enshrined with the Buddha's hair relics, resting on a huge boulder on the very edge of a high cliff.

The gold covered boulder is roughly in the shape of a man's head, represent the head of a hermit.. The Boulder, which seems to be constantly on the verge of plunging down the mountain side, seems a miracle in itself and devotees are firm in their belief; that a pilgrimage here brings them good health and fortune.

The famous spectacular Kyaikhtiyo pagoda stands on a gilded boulder, precariously perched on the edge of a hill over 1100m above sea-level. Kyaikto is at the foot of the hill, and is about 160km from Yangon. Kyaikhtiyo is an 11km up-hill climb for hikers starting from Kinpun base camp. Every year on the night of 31 December, the Kyaikhtiyo platform dazzles with the light of nine thousand lamps and is fragrant with nine thousand flowers offered by pilgrims.

It was the western terminus of the infamous Burma-Siam Railway, the "Death Rail Way" by the thousands of allied prisoners of War (POWs) and Asian force labors who were forced by the Japanese Military to built it which was connected with the famous "Bridge on the River Kwai" (Thailand) visit to the World Largest Reclining Buddha image and second World War Memorial Cemetery in THANPYUZAYAT.


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